In May 1821 after a people assembly, the participation of Andriots in the Greek
War for Independance was decided, with contribution of soldiers, money and battle
ships. From 1822 till 1828 social movements broke out in the island, like the
one led by Dimitrios Balis, with main reason the unbearable taxes imposed by
the local rulers.
At the same time the island suffered from landings of undisciplined troops
called "liapides", who terrorised mainly the villagers.
In Ottoman times the rapid growth of shipping in Andros is observed, which
after 1880 transformed from sail to steam powered, according to the new demands.
Andriot shipping managed to overcome the crisis of both World Wars and constitutes
up todate a main source of wealth for the island.